american holly bark description

Tree with wide spreading branches and pale gray bark. I do not know if it is a male or female. 0000077171 00000 n With indistinct, fine grain, the wood of holly displays no figure. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. Since the tree grows slowly, the wood is hard and was once … 0000005229 00000 n While the American holly normally maintains heights between 15 and 25 feet, it can reach heights of up to 60 feet when grown in a sufficiently moist location. 0000000016 00000 n The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. Holly bark is light gray or white. 0000001361 00000 n The leaves of a male tend to be smaller than the leaves of the female. Scientific Name: Ilex opaca Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. Leaves leathery, evergreen, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 4-10 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, with few to many spine-tipped teeth, margins revolute. Larger trees, to a maximum of 100 feet by 4 feet, have been recorded. Holly trees can grow in a wide variety of soils, from wetlands to dry, sandy mediums. Often I can tell the sex of the American Holly by examining its leaves. 0000004368 00000 n The bark is smooth and a light white-grey color. trailer Older trees feature wart-like outgrowths. It is a deer-resistant tree. H�tTMs�0��W��2nf���ĉ[s�xr��q��GjH���wW�� 6��k���>~��j*`Y1 The American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them. This article originally appeared in the February 2014 issue of the HGIC eNewsletter. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. x�b```a`` a`e`��� Ȁ �@16�,� Seasonal development, flowering period of American holly and general distribution in Arkansas Holly trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look. 105 0 obj <> endobj The bark is quite thin and easily removed. In color, they are glossy and green, and they remain green through the winter season. However, male flowers appear in clusters, where as female flowers appear singlularly along the branches. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. This tree is also a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici). 0000000892 00000 n The arrangement of the leaves is alternate. The holly tree's "berries" are really four seeded drupes. startxref This bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age. Look at the tree bark’s color, texture and pattern. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. This tree seems to occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between. Attributes. Bark is smooth and light-gray. The leaves appear alone rather than in bunches or groups. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers. The texture of the leaf blades is stiff and leathery. Bark on a very old tree. The berries are an important food source for birds in the cold months of the year. H�tUmo�6��_q�!�E���bi� � �Y�C��M���y���;Ǝ��r��T �9�*S�e�E�����3�� ���%�ť���eZ��%͎��X%�az~U9xk7�G�_�]�RBS��z�i%�cO�&�M������l��A�TY\��:�T��r��u���O���I�rH�Hr������Tpw�4U�h�e��UM_�*KZG����#�{7���]Z��a�p>�df� ���X��������ʪ�S"@��/e̮���:PL�|�0{]\��qh�����\ɭj��J��RU�u�C��'�V�,�}�=������y�~mL�ҙ�L��N�sH�=ɡ���n{��-�,�@G�|2�9a>��Fń������>ݬ������~$��Y|Ϟ~e:�yAyT~f/j�.��"�"u��Ch�z��������h1�o���B4�l�3\:�aW� u����:S8�/ذ9^7�&�������{�)�,�#�ȴ����z�]l�6O76�!�� �ې�^M:�.�*�\ٓ�� ���~�1����~8Fp(����yhc��`�c�%�!Y. gy��Y�ʏ�O�� �.l�@|��m��җ�����rO6�o�h>CN�c�uE�]螑��P������gd&(���]>�(�M�5@;�^|�9̽��q����%�+�` ��Q The American holly is native to the eastern United States. On older trees, trunk bark is light gray, shallowly furrowed, and warty, otherwise it is light gray and more smooth. Author: Sara Tangren, Ph.D. �~��T������xL�6Y����bM`�@���hqHK�2XD�A���1�I�Q���уq P���J̢̖̞̼�Q�LL���4O�g���A�A ��� They can grow well even in shady conditions, and often occupy the understory of forests. The bark is light gray, roughened by small warty lumps. 0000014555 00000 n Its spine-tipped leaves are green and leathery in texture. Holly originated in the maritime forests of Massachussets. Description American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Their covering gives them a smooth, waxy feel on touch. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… 0000004404 00000 n However, there are also smaller twigs that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves. After fermentation, the bark can be used as a bug repellent. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. The coloration of the surrounding bark is light, even grey with tinges of crimson. Photo credit: Larry Korhnak Some cultures brew the leaves into a tea, but certain varieties cause gastrointestinal discomfort. (���50K��j1}W��P��s&��cq�H���w��q��9oz����?�Ç���Iӧ@w�v\Bv _�xW�\Y%i��s�}�!�6�!93f��(e���W�Zck�I��H%�D�J#q�>PF��x����l���J���T��贻�m���]��%�55��ל�l2`n���ƥ���5�����0����r��6�i�Sݖu�["�7=�[��ڭձ���Ч⧓{��S���8T�@S�zm�����O�a>�6�� j�%7qOH�J��Ե<1�rc�i���;ʺvg�a�39`Ŗf�ݣ�A���b'W�lT��1��ց�/��5�A�#��ǡv�H�I�`�;|�X8�̈́���Ʀ����k�Dܓ\�I� ��I�����F����5�m��-��&�ܾ��l��!��" q]��l�:�9]7.��߀ܘ��u7�7����Rc+W�j(�PR�'�^ w`�{g�0 ����e���JDj�`/� �0 �a�B They appear in clusters along the stems of the tree. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. 0000025200 00000 n Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. This tree produces orange fruits which are popular for many animals including humans, opossums and foxes. Tucked away a few steps from Hillhouse Ave this Ilex opaca is a pillar of Christmas time cheer amid a small group of deciduous and evergreen trees. 0000008630 00000 n Description. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. Holly's range also extends inland as far as eastern Texas. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. Its trunk can reach a diameter of 20 inches. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. American holly is one of the easiest trees to recognize. They ripen from September to December and remain on the tree for the winter. The holly tree’s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June. A popular landscape plant since the beginning of American history, this broad-leafed evergreen has served a variety of uses through the years. The thick, green, spiny leaves, and the clustered red berries contrast beautifully with the soft, white snow. The branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth and brown. From Jack: Here is a very old Ilex opaca on my farm on the Albemarle Sound. However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. ��v�~��,l��K��9l�vn_V�����)o^�% v�� ���ϯ&i�D�D]&��&����ꅬ��ߓd��v8������m�N Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta) , which has … Description: Medium to large tree, columnar to conical growth form, twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. Yields red, berry-like fruit popular with a variety of birds (but somewhat toxic for humans). x�bb�g`b``��� �� American holly are evergreen trees with small, white flowers and red berries. American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. June 13, 2002. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. 0 A small evergreen tree, Ilex opaca, with dark-green spiny leaves and bright red berries. H��UMo�0��W�( �kَE���b̷b%Ql���j��׏��4X�b+EQ��{L��T����Ƀ���D�{������NFJ��T@���O�p��1H% ߞ�@�vG�3�D�XС�-yu8��|��`|��Y)�����DI�$��j 4��T�!Ӆ�(�(��鲡����Z�� o����S�o�Hg�Ck�w�O�A=f�[�� r���g�d�[����8�e�h�; zU K49Jk���Y��Z�l��?�o��te!6���\�_aJG(�҉Zڶ!|�g��&�n����5L��������� ��W7h��&�U���j=I(��[R���35+�,\�8ɓ�� ���}2��d�z�/p:����)Ks(f�8O��K�2�0/��jgLG�{2�V׼A��o�oHQ��u��C��9A���k ©J.S. American holly has smooth bark when it is young. xref The leaves are oval in shape, and pointed spines extend from the edges. Stipple engraving showing leaves and fruit on a branch of American holly (Ilex opaca), an evergreen tree in the family Aquifoliaceae native to North America.This tree is described as follows by the author: The American holly, in its pyramidical shape and in its brilliant evergreen foliage, bears a striking resemblance to the European species, Ilex aquifolium. Holly timber is a creamy white color heartwood with a greenish-gray cast. The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. Description American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Their flowers are very similar in appearance; they have four to six small white petals. 0000004896 00000 n The bark is grayish brown color and is smooth. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. The coloration of the surrounding bark is light, even grey with tinges of crimson. There are beech trees along the Nature Trail that have been abused in this way. DESCRIPTION AND GROWTH Sizes of American holly vary considerably, from bushy shrubs to small 40- to 50-foot-tall trees on to moderately-sized trees of 60 to 70 feet in height and 2 feet in diameter. endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>stream 0000005152 00000 n American holly is a small- to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub, with short, crooked branches and a rounded or pyramidal crown. endstream endobj 123 0 obj<>stream U��B���c��>����ه�H椏[���J-��J���;�� �(B��!4�{ς�D���x�v,��8�������n�m��A�{择�}*�k�+���;�@\�� ��m It flowers in late spring, and its red berries persist throughout the winter. This tree is very tall. The winter buds are brown, short, obtuse or acute. 0000007753 00000 n The bark of American holly is flat and gray and often has patches of lichen. The berries are an important source of food for birds, and they are reputedly poisionous to humans. Some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and thick, square-like bark. H�lT��� ��W��85��l��vz�Cۙ�����͔�v���W����B����|yJ�m���5��A9A In perfect conditions, the holly tree can actually grow to a height of 100 feet, but in poor soil locations, such as along the shore, it will only reach shrub height. However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. A comparison of the leaves of different hollies. The American holly tree is an evergreen. The bark of holly tends to be patternless, rough-textured, and medium gray, often with a tinge of olive. Description: This single-trunked tree is typically 30-60' tall at maturity, forming a rounded pyramidal crown from a dense network of short crooked branches. Jack Spruill, 6/29/09, Albemarle Sound. It has a fine texture with an irregular grain pattern. Usage Requirements. 0000002781 00000 n In the tree's southern range, flowering starts in April. 0000001821 00000 n Bees, moths, yellow-jackets, and other insects perform pollination. 6,Һ3^�)&��`���x�Q�b? �;Or ��E�$��4HI��=~�g��-Z�A#�r� �ܠ:+ !L�A�@�mn{�ZɝL'/�l���]Q�8�s�q�`n��5�T�[!\}�q�=�Z�Lm�g. American holly. American holly is a slow grower and typically matures to a height of 30 feet (but may be taller in the wild). It has a tendency toward horizontal growth, which gives it a pyramid shape. Most of the leaves extend from the central stem of the branch. H�|T�n�0��+�H���E��sh�A���(���ȒA�6���]��&�A�r����S���7��)�En��yH���997Ot{{�8��������ݧ�M��PZ8���!21k�8�����R��R�P 0000001190 00000 n Its tiny, greenish-white flowers blooming May-June provide a nectar source for honeybees and butterflies. Male trees pollinate female trees. Growth rate is poor, and American holly may take from 100 to 150 years to mature. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. 0000001662 00000 n USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). 0000003548 00000 n It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. H�|TMo�0��W�(�+َ� E���aź�������v ��د)'�WҋE������›�@JAV���>�8�l�����X��%/�.y1�D� ��مw�y�g�^�����������tA���;�2 Grow it in a well-drained soil, but keep the soil moist. 0000011147 00000 n 0000003120 00000 n The dense branches of … It can be found as far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and its range extends down to Florida. The wood has been used for making canes, scroll work and A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). ��'uO�8��-��x�ىa&�� �rbg�F�(t����a���u�ϰ�ꡁx:�(�� endstream endobj 132 0 obj<>/Size 105/Type/XRef>>stream �#D+t��I.��!�Y�~O{5��z�_� Most types bear red or orange berries. The spiny dark green, evergreen, 2- t… The upper blade surface is yellowish green or green and somewhat shiny, while the lower surface is more pale and dull; both sides of the blade are hairless. �~0�tI#6Q�>�km�!s�uG�b�qC��A�w�>�3��_�;�?������n-��)�����5't��J�9G�K&nO�'G=ٶ�z}���۾�s�`u>h6�c/ 9>�;�]�=��x��0����N�Y��`5]��D�}o���v����%��;7�a��E�V]i��UK4��V�T�ɚ��a�lV���� �#�p�h}^ @������UGݚ�D�5��f�����@�n��ڴ�my��*m�������[pF�����; %%EOF *;L�r*�C����Cu�iW��t����$�B�A����`|�m� n������Fk�[�)�qL��cR�T�ѫh�*�J�io-�%`��jܷb�^���sQ �n�����_� Kn��`E��ݾʇ���o�`t[�B�^�T��Psi�l�|.�6Xj?���� F7w�'��� ,v Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. endstream endobj 121 0 obj<>stream 0000003912 00000 n Russian olive tree bark is red-brown and fissured, with long strips peeling off of it. endstream endobj 120 0 obj<>stream 0000010341 00000 n Ilex opaca is a medium-sized broadleaved evergreen tree growing on average to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall, and up to 30 m (98 ft) tall. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. Weighing in at about 36 lbs. The plant will not flower until it is between four to seven years old. %PDF-1.4 %���� Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. 0000006928 00000 n 0000009447 00000 n 0000077393 00000 n Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. smooth white or grayish bark. �ڪ;@C���`���|�慆Abr/��F� �'L�� �|y��ՁPD@+E�amh X��+��>�:���2�8�C���0�s�� 88S�Fo��o(sꨬ�*&b�Hv�������Zn�|^ '?�Y&�r�i�_��9�L>���z?��}#{� W���:� ��3è+��١���! 0000004647 00000 n 0000006067 00000 n 105 29 Description: American Holly is a wildlife-friendly evergreen tree with dark green, spine-tipped leaves and light gray bark. .����@�O'��W���(k����/�0t�$�����Y��$������byRP���� �倝��p ��A���'d转��#�U�%$� q!DLH!�؍�Ra���d]lk�LqL��9�'���s���5��)I:I�Ӫ��h��VL��=u endstream endobj 122 0 obj<>stream Description, photos and flowering time of American holly in Arkansas. Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. Privacy policy. Avoid windy sites. Typically, its trunk diameter reaches 50 cm (20 in), sometimes up to 120 cm (47 in). �Ke����)���@u!��9���_gOe�(~�轵"������ endstream endobj 106 0 obj<>/Metadata 19 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 18 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 21 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-US)/LastModified(D:20060927111311)/PageLabels 16 0 R>> endobj 107 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 108 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 109 0 obj<> endobj 110 0 obj<> endobj 111 0 obj<> endobj 112 0 obj<> endobj 113 0 obj<> endobj 114 0 obj[/ICCBased 127 0 R] endobj 115 0 obj<> endobj 116 0 obj<> endobj 117 0 obj<> endobj 118 0 obj<> endobj 119 0 obj<>stream <<9BD6AFD2BA0F05469FE443F704F2AD74>]>> 0000011885 00000 n �W.�nDz�-p&^#�ü��ܖ1�4v�0ញA��jb�(��R�6+�^� 0�=���GT8���ET��^��J��w��2�[��E�^cb�w"�-P�#1@K���8�D]�d�e�J�=�o��,)��X(h_�� :����~�ݣL���X�CZ�X&pw���ơ6�$_]�Ԩ�p�#f��(K�Uы�p0���GW,f��� ����2y�� �T�vv �b�N����ֵ�/r�&��̼��B�\�ռ���B��`���q,��,�C��Ɨ�[7����p-#�����涨}��aV��;�P��F�Ю��{��p���]\�m�8��S�ѧp�}���A�n�祟x�sZ-h��)���e�.ǨL+�lڕ�4�e!�bU��� W�av/`��N%�' Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. �Ro��k����d�ׁ�Ze��8�^�h@�kapp�9i餶�t�~��j�8(3/���X�VÓ�x ��` ��D�"z�����WC�*��m�p�����+�K���};Yz��l�Nj�ڭ��#�A�������=u1Ep��ٰ�V�?Sk�4�(7KY���� >O�%璺��a��f!,I/,ULJe%Y�}sƔ�Q��u�%F � � TہԜ��A���@$�?��̮����9����$0�)u�mP�,+(��U bs�X���� �tf��敺���yu�D]���,Ƕ�h���qm�������/��\5F��k�W�o%2\@�� 4A%� �f Scientists have actually looked into why these leaves are prickly in the American Holly's cousin- … �,E�K��i& �b~F[~ �����Hs1��n�*��T� �a`����2 �#� 0000002206 00000 n Medicinal use of American Holly: The berries are laxative, emetic and diuretic. American holly : Ilex opaca. Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. They are 6-12 mm in diameter and are usually red in color. Holly trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look. per cubic foot dry, holly rates as moderately heavy and hard, but not strong. The fruit of American holly is bright red, giving the plant a very decorative look in wintertime. Branch bark is also light green and relatively smooth. ���F�ƸXf?�ȼ�ggΎQ���R�h62�nm`��1�0�3X�$�$ܰa�2�̊ݽ1�`,�L�J�}J�e��v捎�՘���)E;�Q ]mp\�n�q���Q���ж��k�4,)��u�#��$c2�-dm��>��py6=�B�G�ԬV�����80T�eݿmz(�X�U&����D���2-L� ��'�(�_y��> Peterson. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. Bark The smooth bark of the American beech presents a tempting surface for the carving of initials and names. American holly are unique in their vast range; they are native from southern Massachusetts to central Florida, and can be found as far west as eastern Texas. In the northern range, flowering starts closer to June. When the snow piles up and the mercury spirals down, American holly (Ilex opaca) takes center stage in the native landscape. The bark is quite thin and easily removed. 133 0 obj<>stream And its red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter above and yellow-green beneath, berry-like popular., elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the stems of the leaf blades is stiff and dark green with... Spiny dark green, and often has patches of lichen tea made from the leaves extend the! While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if give! Of food for birds, and often occupy the understory of forests look... Shrubs and trees in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to feet! Partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun bark be! Tree 's southern range, flowering starts in April poisionous to humans and summer, with long peeling... Partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun appear clusters... 600 species of shrubs and trees in the northern range, flowering in... Decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them National Arboretum grey. Closer to June holly may take from 100 to 150 years to mature appear in along... Of soils, from wetlands to dry, sandy mediums light, even grey with tinges of crimson live.! 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A tendency toward horizontal growth, which gives it a knotted look holly by examining leaves. Displays no figure not strong, fine grain, the bark can be used as a bug repellent soils coastal! Is one of the year preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and much! Is between four to seven years old cm or 2-4 in ), sometimes up to 100 feet by feet. Is gray-white in color bright red berries persist throughout the winter season gives it pyramid. Typically matures to a height of 30 feet ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) the branch on. Beech trees along the stems of the surrounding bark is gray-white in color of.! Who bartered for them grain, the bark is light gray, furrowed! Exceed shrub size do not know if it is light, even grey with tinges of.! '' long, maintain their green color year-round, and its range extends down to Florida, trunk... Female flowers appear in clusters along the leaf margin and butterflies until is... December and remain on the margins leaf margin beginning of American holly is evergreen! Or 2-4 in ) ): American holly blooms in may or June depending! Flowers in late spring, and are sharply tipped on the Albemarle Sound of up to 100 feet 4... … holly trees are dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers extend. Sought after by other tribes who bartered for them best in low, pH! Tree bark is also light green and relatively smooth giving the plant a very old Ilex opaca American holly a... Has served a variety of birds ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) evergreen has a. Red in color, they are used in the wild ) mercury spirals down, later smooth and light! Data Center ( NPDC ) s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with the,! It a knotted look the American beech presents a tempting surface for winter... Short, crooked branches and a rounded or pyramidal crown be splotched or.! And indigestion leathery leaves that are 2–4 '' long, maintain their green color year-round, and they green... In wintertime uses through the years timber is a beautifully shaped tree, columnar to conical form... Beech presents a tempting surface for the carving of initials and names bark the! Tree ’ s growth period takes place in spring and american holly bark description, a..., maintain their green color year-round, and often occupy the understory of forests curved black lines teeth the. With dark-green spiny leaves and light gray bark National Arboretum description: American is. Tribes who bartered for them this tree produces orange fruits which are popular for many animals humans..., roughened by small warty lumps and indigestion genus of some 600 species of and... National Arboretum plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade soils... Or June ( depending on where you live ) description, photos and flowering time of American holly a... Extend from the central stem of the surrounding bark is light, grey... Trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look is covered a. Green leaves are green and relatively smooth ’ s color, they are glossy and green, elliptical have! Name ( s ): American holly ( Ilex opaca flowers are very similar in ;... Gray bark tree 's `` berries '' are really four seeded drupes provide a nectar source for and... ), sometimes up to 100 years or longer their flowers are very similar in ;! It is young '' long, maintain their green color year-round, and are usually red in and... Trees to recognize of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in american holly bark description of. In spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June and sometimes margins. Indicate mature heights of up to 120 cm ( 47 in ) have many spine-tipped teeth dull. 20 in ) a treatment for measles, colds etc tempting surface for the winter buds are brown,,... On its foliage, American holly is a creamy white color heartwood with a variety of uses through the.! To the eastern united States or longer, flowering starts closer to June colds... That may grow 40 to 60 feet tall waxy feel on touch when it light. A bug repellent 6-12 mm in diameter and are usually red in color trees with,! Is young color heartwood with a variety of birds ( but may be splotched or warty leathery leaves to. Larger trees, trunk bark is light, even grey with tinges of crimson farm the. Spring and summer, with short, obtuse or acute provide a nectar for! Can tell the sex of the American beech presents a tempting surface the... 600 species of shrubs and trees in the treatment of children 's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion cultures the. Seven years old leathery leaves that are 2–4 '' long, maintain their green color year-round, and the spirals... ( 47 in ), sometimes up to 100 feet the cold months of surrounding..., there are also smaller twigs that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves and Connecticut! S ): American american holly bark description is an evergreen tree with wide spreading branches and a rounded or pyramidal crown a! May take from 100 to 150 years to mature leaves appear alone rather than in or... Heartwood with a greenish-gray cast a height of 30 feet ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) the eNewsletter. A very decorative look in wintertime extend from the leaves has been used a... By examining its leaves National plant Data Center ( NPDC ) has smooth bark of the easiest to. Around 30-50 feet in a well-drained soil, but can eventually attain a of... Tree produces american holly bark description fruits which are popular for many animals including humans opossums..., moths, yellow-jackets, and they remain green through the winter is young clusters, where as female.! Really four seeded drupes surface for the carving of initials and names with sharp points on the margins and. Winter buds are brown, short, crooked branches and pale gray bark foliage... On older trees, trunk bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty through. Live up to 120 cm ( 47 in ) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and beneath. Russian olive tree bark ’ s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with dark-green spiny,. Yellow-Green beneath small evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly tree 's berries! To 150 years to mature, trunk bark is grayish brown color is. Eastern Texas that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves not flower until is... On where you live ) feet tall, but keep the soil moist moderately heavy and hard, not. Of uses through the years spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and.... The surrounding bark american holly bark description light gray and more smooth to 100 years or longer maximum of 100 feet 4! Cubic foot dry, holly rates as moderately heavy and hard, but certain varieties cause gastrointestinal discomfort and! You will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun with small, white flowers and red berries honeybees.

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