rosmarinus officinalis flower shape

Patrick Breen, Carnosic acid, the major phenolic diterpene present in the leaves, has been found to be several times more effective than the commercial food preservatives butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in controlling oxidation in soya-bean oil. Rosemary is an evergreen, usually erect, bushy shrub up to 2 m tall and wide. 585 pp. camphor) and eucalyptus oil (i.e. Rosemary also possesses some antibacterial and antifungal properties. Mattei et al. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. Inflorescence racemose, axillary, 5- to 10-flowered, 0.5-2.5 cm long, terminating short lateral branches; pedicel 2-5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 2-lipped, 5-6 mm long, densely stellate tomentose, upper lip small and 3-dentate, lower lip 2-lobed; corolla tubular, 2-lipped,10-13 mm long, pale blue or blue (seldom white), upper lip erect or recurved, 2-lobed, ovate, about 4 mm long, lower lip 3-lobed, about 7 mm long, with large concave middle lobe; 2 anterior stamens perfect, 7-8 mm long, ascending under the base of the upper lip, 2 posterior stamens reduced to hardly visible staminodes; pistil with deeply 4-partite ovary, style incurved, 1.5 cm long ending into 2 short, unequal branches with stigma. Ann PaoJen, Wong InTin, Tsai JyhNong, 2010. Small pale blue flowers. The dry leaves are also used in crushed or powder form, primarily in food preparations. The biodiversity and distribution of exotic vascular plants and animals in the Grand Canyon region. > 0°C, dry winters), Stems and leaves sold in markets and groceries, Valuable commercial herb, subject of research for breeding and cultivation, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder, Moshrefi-Zarandi, D, Rezaee, S, Aminaee, MM, Sharzei, A, 2014. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. New York, USA: C. Scribner's Sons. Rosemary also serves as a household remedy for headaches, bruises, colds, nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat. Scatterplot of flower mass vs. linear size in Rosmarinus officinalis. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Volumen VI. (Ruzmarinova zlatica Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) kao stetnik zacinskog, ljekovitog bilja i ukrasnog bilja.) However, the species performs poorly in heavy clay soils and wet, poorly-drained soils in winter are usually fatal (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014). Profuse clear blue flowers adds to the effect. Rosmarinus Plant Growing and Care Guide. Rosemary beetle (Chrysolina americana) is a pest principally of R. officinalis and lavender (Lavandula officinalis) (Barclay and Mann, 2002; Mileck and Simala, 2010). Stem indistinctly quadrangular, finely grey pubescent. Bioscience Journal, 30(2):469-476. http://www.seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/18057/13762, Matusinsky P, Zouhar M, Pavela R, Novy P, 2015. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). in the Cerrillos department, Province of Salta, Argentina. Rosemary, scientific name:Rosmarinus Officinalis , is an evergreen undershrub of the family Lamiaceae native to Mediterranean coast. The evergreen clumps of thin leaf are topped with small violet blue flowers which bloom every year in August. Other pests of rosemary include Meloidogyne spp. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Paraguay Checklist, 2014. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Diseases reported on the crop plant include web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani (Bertetti et al., 2013; Aktaruzzaman et al,, 2015), and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Garibaldi et al., 2005). Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by Nigrospora oryzae in Iran. Conclusion: Rosmarinus officinalis shows great promise as a natural food preservative and therapeutic agent in the treatment of many diseases. Several cultivars. Industrial Crops and Products, 74:817-823. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669015301503. Tweet. A monograph on the physiological properties of rosemary oil has been published by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). Lassithi, Crete, Greece. Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Rosmarinus. Potential for R. officinalis to become a weed was previously determined to be ‘negligible’ (Kahn and Lima, 2001) but risk of introduction for this species is now higher as it has since been reported as a cultivation escape, garden thug, and weed (Randall, 2012) and is known to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Importance of medicinal plants and their use in the town of Goierê-PR. The species can grow in premontane and lower montane humid forest climate zones, with reported elevations up to 3500 m. In the southwestern United States, the species has been recorded growing at elevations below 800 m (Stevens and Ayers, 2002). It also occurs in disturbed areas in Peru (Peru Checklist, 2014) while in Colombia, it occurs in premontane and lower montane humid forest habitats (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), and in Bolivia it occurs in dry valleys (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Short, dark green, needle-shaped aromatic leaves. It’s used in sauces, soups and bouquet garnis. Royal Botanic Garden, 2014. Physiology and Phenology Nigrospora oryzae and Gibberella pulicaris are recent disease records from Iran (Moshrefi Zarandi et al., 2014; Zarandi et al., 2014).Guzman (1999) states: “Rosemary has been reported to be attacked by Phytocoris rosmarini and Orthotylus ribesi in Spain and by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in India. The chemical composition of rosemary essential oil and extract includes several compounds that are known to be strong antioxidants. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. Stevens LE, Ayers T, 2002. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. In England, where the species has been popular since at least Tudor times, Rosemary was probably first introduced by the Romans, but according to tradition it was re-introduced by Queen Philippa of Hainault in the fourteenth century; a manuscript in the library of Trinity College, Cambridge claims that rosemary was unknown in England until the Countess of Hainault sent some to her daughter Queen Philippa (Rohde, 1930). by Tellman B]. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Aktaruzzaman M, Kim JoonYoung, Afroz T, Kim ByungSup, 2015. Chandralega N, Subha D, Geetha N, 2015. March, 2015. The species was not listed in Bello’s (1881, 1883) works on Puerto Rico but was included in Britton’s flora of Bermuda (1918), in which the species was noted to have been naturalized ‘for many years’ on St. David’s. 209-211. 42 (3), 369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br DOI:10.1590/S1516-93322006000300007, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. (Plantas utilizadas na medicina popular brasileira com potencial atividade antifúngica.) It is a bushy, evergreen perennial shrub native to the Mediterranean and cultivated around the world as a medicinal, ornamental, culinary, and essential oil-bearing plant. Rosmarinus officinalis L. In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. R. officinalis is cultivated in tropical and temperate regions around the world. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey. Antiproliferation effect of Rosemary (, Tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. CABI, Undated. Rosemary beetle - Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a pest of aromatic plants, medicinal herbs and ornamentals. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. In: Invasive exotic species in the Sonoran region [ed. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. Agricultural production, post-harvest techniques and biotechnology, Mendoza, Argentina, 10-15 November, 1997. Cancer Letters, 367(2):93-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304383515004462, PFAF, 2014. Randall RP, 2012. Plants for a future. Plant Pathology Bulletin. Herbaceous evergreen shrublet, 2-6 ft (0.6-1.8 m), irregular shape. New York, USA: Academy of Sciences, 629 pp. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Rosemary is an ornamental evergreen shrub with attractive, aromatic, deep green leaves and blue flowers in spring and early summer. Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Rosmarinus. Gorustovich MNAde, Otero Mdel C, Rossi ER, Boldrini C, 1999. Rosmarinus officinalis is the type species of the genus, as well as the most well-known rosemary species. The leaves and flowers can be carefully dried and sold in elegant sachets and potpourris. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It has also been found susceptible to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita”. In the Philippines, an infusion of the leaves is used as an eyewash for slight catarrhal conjunctivitis, as vapour baths for rheumatism, paralysis and incipient catarrhs, and to bathe women in puerperal state. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. HTTP://www.apsnet.org. Leaves opposite, linear, narrow (2-5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide), dark green above white-tomentose below, aromatic. Rosemary is an aromatic plant with a long history of use as a culinary and medicinal herb. Phytomedicine, 19(5):436-443. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09447113, Tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 502 [ed. Determination of essential oil composition of, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Zarandi DM, Aminaee MM, Sharzei A, Rezaee S, 2014. Easily grown, withstand drought and salt. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Short needle shaped, dark green, highly aromatic leaves. http://www.floridata.com/, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA, et al. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized. Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary. Flora of Bermuda. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Rosmarinus officinalis is the type species of the genus, as well as the most well-known rosemary species. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. It’s an easy-care garden plant in full sun. R.officinalis is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, weed” and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). The camphor-scented, bluish-lavender to pink-lavender flowers are borne in whorls on short, upright flower spikes. Evergreen. Growing Region: Zones 6 to 9. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Rosemary oil, distilled from the flowering tops and leaves, is used to season processed foods, but for the most part it is employed in perfumes, in scenting soaps, detergents, household sprays and other related technical products. Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' $12.00. Community Garden, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 194-197. http://proseanet.org/prosea/e-prosea_detail.php?frt=&id=592. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 28th EFFoST International Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 25-28 November 2014. Cutting grown. Rosemary is also easy to grow from cuttings (taken in late summer). Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. * Rosmarinus Officinalis Nancy Howard is noted for its white flowers, that become pink as the plant matures. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Floridata, 2014. To enhance germination the temperature should remain below 18°C. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. CABI is a registered EU trademark. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/FE/fe.html. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. In the USA the regulatory status 'generally recognized as safe' has been accorded to rosemary (GRAS-2991), rosemary oil (GRAS-2992) and rosemary oleoresin (GRAS 3001). During summer it becomes smothered in long spikes of pale mauve flowers. Salvia rosmarinus, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 55(3):324-326. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jppr.2015.55.issue-3/jppr-2015-0030/jppr-2015-0030.xml?format=INT, Mattei D, Dias-Arieira CR, Biela F, Roldi M, Silva TRBda, Rampim L, Dadazio TS, Tavares-Silva CA, 2014. * Rosmarinus Officinalis Haifa is extremely strong, produces flowers of a pale blue and its branches are as green as the foliage. Date of introduction to the West Indies is uncertain but it has been present there since the early twentieth century. Effect of geographical distributions on the phytochemical profile of methanolic extract of dried leaves of, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Garibaldi A, Minuto A, Gullino ML, 2005. Histograms depicting variable distributions and normal smooth lines are also shown. Oregon State Univ. Studies on antifungal activity, including against plant pathogenic fungi, include Ozcan and Chalchat (2008), Pitarokili et al., (2008) and Matusinsky et al. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Flowering is initiated when plants are 2 or more years old. Rosemary is a hardy perennial that copes well with drought and poor soils, but it prefers slightly alkaline soils. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. The Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2013. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Trivandrum, India: Research Signpost, 173-194. Bandara MS, Tanino KK, Acharya SN, 2007. In: Advances in medicinal plant research 2007 [ed. 47 (6), 1012-1014. http://www.springerlink.com/content/842p617643k31362/ DOI:10.1007/s10600-012-0132-5, USDA-ARS, 2014. 13: Spices [ed. Native: Mediterranean.Western Asia. 2014, Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Asia Begum, Subarda Sandhya, Ali SS, Vinod KR, Swapna Reddy, David Banji, 2013. FLORIDATAbase website. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 42(3):369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Glasilo Biljne Zastite, 10(5):319-333. http://www.hdbz.hr, Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014. The species is capable of regenerating by both seeds and cuttings (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014), and can thus spread through garden waste or plant parts sold for medicinal and culinary use. Full sun. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Jacomassi E, Piedade L H, 1994. Although not hardy to our area, it is easily grown in containers that can be moved indoors for the winter to have its bright, fresh flavor available at all times. 1,8-cineole) (Guzman, 1999). http://tropicos.org/Project/Paraguay, Peru Checklist, 2014. First report of Fusarium sambucinum on rosemary plant in Iran. First report of, Ozcan MM, Chalchat JC, 2008. Oviedo-Prieto, R., Herrera-Oliver, P., Caluff, M.G., 2012. In: Invasive exotic species in the Sonoran region. Rosemary oleoresin is used in the food industry as a natural antioxidant, for instance in cooked meat products. First report of web blight of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-1-IB in Korea. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 20(5):457-459. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/FE/fe.html, Royal Horticultural Society, 2014. Revista UNIMAR. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE, Zarandi DM, Aminaee MM, Sharzei A, Rezaee S, 2014. Britton NL, 1918. In Colombia it has been observed growing between 1500-2500 m (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), in the Andean regions of Ecuador between 2000-3000 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), in Bolivia between 2500-3500 m (Bolivia Checklist, 2014), and in the Andean regions of Peru between 3000-3500 m (Peru Checklist, 2014). Meloidogyne species in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and lavender (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) April, 2010. Prefers well drained soils but is more forgiving of wetter soils than most Rosemary varieties. Shape Feature Simple The leaves are slender and look a lot like curved pine needles Flower. The woody perennial evergreen herb we know as rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) has green needle-like leaves that resemble those of hemlock, and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers.It is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The species is an introduced species in the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012) and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Verbenone is also an insect pheromone. A key ingredient of a Mediterrean style garden, Rosmarinus officinalis Prostratus (Creeping Rosemary) is a low-growing and spreading evergreen shrub with strongly aromatic, needle-like leaves, about 2 in (5 cm) long. Its aromatic leaves have a hint of pine in both flavor and fragrance. Mycobiology. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Three types of rosemary oil are sometimes recognized: a camphor type (produced mainly in Spain), a 1,8-cineole type (produced mainly in Morocco) and a verbenone + bornyl acetate type that is a cottage-industry product from Corsica. Importation of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) as fresh leaves and stems from El Savlador and Guatemala into the Continental United States: A Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Risk Assessment. Kiran S, Bhanu Prakash, 2015. The, Chandralega N, Subha D, Geetha N, 2015. Flora Europaea. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Flora Europaea., Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. by Giberti G, Craker L, Lorenz M, Máthé A, Giulietti A]. Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products, 24(Supplement):132-138. pungent fragrance, somewhat reminiscent of pine. First report of white mold caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' in Italy. ], 45(2):355-368. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09242244, Rohde, E. S. , 1930. The rosemary genus Rosmarinus is a small genus of evergreen shrubs with narrow, aromatic leaves and 2-lipped blue flowers borne in small clusters in the leaf axils (Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). Classified standing, half prostrate, creeping, becomes the tree of height 2 m. Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a generally erect, rounded, evergreen shrub with aromatic, needle-like, gray-green leaves and tiny, two-lipped, pale blue to white flowers.It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. Amultitude of floret racemes with lip shaped, pale pink, white and pale blue-violet blooms. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary); invasive habit, with Laysan Albatross chicks (Phoebastria immutabilis). In India, it is reportedly often cultivated in gardens, while it is much rarer in Pakistan (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). Importance of medicinal plants and their use in the town of Goierê-PR. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Kiran and Prakash (2015) report effectiveness of the essential oil used as a fumigant against Sitophilus oryzae and Oryzaephilus surinamensis, and record inhibition of enzyme activity in the test insects. Jacomassi E, Piedade LH, 1994. Some further records of Chrysolina americana (L.) (Chrysomelidae) in London. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. CAB International: xiii + 282 pp. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 12(3/4):82-86. Essential culinary herb; both flowers and leaves can be used. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. (2015). It can tolerate maritime exposure and soil types ranging from light (sandy) to medium (loamy), preferring well-drained soil, and can tolerate soils of any pH ranging from acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and even very alkaline soils (PFAF, 2014). Plant Disease, 89(9):1016. Flower Details: white, … Mycobiology, 43(2):170-173. http://mycobiology.or.kr/search.php?where=aview&id=10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170&code=0184MB&vmode=FULL, Ambrose, D. C. P., Manickavasagan, A., Naik, R., 2016. Takes to pruning well, perfect for screens. Tantry M A, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. Kahn RP, Lima P, 2001. IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. Foliage can be used as a flavorful spice in cooking. Public Domain - CC0 1.0 - Released by Leo Michels/http://www.imagines-plantarum.de/. [ed. Some other rosemaries to look out for include: The blue flowered 'Gorza' - the one the chefs use in cooking and as skewers. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. The Lamiacae family, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). New Disease Reports, 30:27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Britton NL, Wilson P, 1926. Moderate growing 6 ft. tall, 2 to 4 ft. wide. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. Antifungal effect of five essential oils against important pathogenic fungi of cereals. and Staphylococcus sp. In: Acta Horticulturae, No. First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by Nigrospora oryzae in Iran. The dry leaves are also used in crushed or powder form, primarily in food preparations. This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils, including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Once established rosemary roots deeply and is drought-resistant. Bolivia Checklist, 2014. Common Names: Rosemary. Rosemary is very variable in habit (erect to creeping), size and colour of leaves and flowers and composition of the essential oil. Fruit is a small, brown nutlet. Seedlings are likewise slow to develop, becoming a dense shrub with a diameter of 60 cm and a height of 90 cm only by the end of the second growing season. As a specimen garden plant it is handsome and impressive at all times, especially when covered with its lovely flowers that attract bees and butterflies. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/, Garibaldi A, Minuto A, Gullino ML, 2005. In: Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Second World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare, WOCMAP-2. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. Clusters of pale blue flowers appear in spring and summer, occasionally in fall. Leaves opposite, tufted on the branches, sessile to short petiolate; blade linear, 1-5 cm x 1-2 mm, base attenuate, margin entire but revolute, apex obtuse, leathery, dark glossy sea-green and subglabrous above, white-felted tomentose beneath, aromatically fragrant when crushed. The insect-pollinated flowers also vary in colour, from white through pink to blue and deep purple. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Rosemary is very popular as an ornamental plant used as a ground cover, hedge or shrub and is even transformed by hobbyists into bonsai or planted in hanging baskets. Leafy medicinal herbs: botany, chemistry, postharvest technology and uses., Wallingford, UK. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Funnel-shaped flowers are those similar to funnels, very wide at the top and narrower at the base. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); habit. Outside of cultivation it grows primarily in dry, sandy or rocky soils in a temperate climate characterized by warm summers and mild, dry winters (Floridata, 2014). by Tellman, B.]. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN. It has been accidentally introduced as it is a known cultivation escape (Randall, 2012). R. officinalis is native to the Mediterranean region, from where it has been introduced into all continents. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary); flowers and foliage. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Ravindran, P. N., 2017. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., Strong, M.T., 2012. Rosmarinus officinalis is the original species and grows to a height of about a metre and a half. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. The in vitro antibiofilm activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil against multiple antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas sp. R. officinalis originated in the Mediterranean region with coastal climate, and can tolerate heat, drought, and poor, dry, sandy, and rocky soil types (Floridata, 2014). First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis, is renowned as as an essential culinary and medicinal herb, grown for its aromatic evergreen leaves and unusual flowers.Originally from the Mediterranean region, it’s now widely grown all over the world. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, USDA-ARS, 2014. 1), 22-96. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. A Global Compendium of Weeds. Stevens L E, Ayers T, 2002. Rosmarinus – Minas Rosmarinus officinalis L. Nome Popular: Alecrim Família Botânica: Lamiaceae Qualidades Resumidas: Para o indivíduo que vive quase constantemente afastado da realidade perceptiva, envolto em seu mundo de fantasias e sonhos. Determination of essential oil composition of Rosmarinus officinalis growing as exotic species in Kashmir Valley. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Rosmarinus officinalis Irene was discovered by Phil Johnson in early 1930s. 27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. 209-211. Outstanding amongst them being Rosmarinus officinalis Miss Jessopp's Upright - sometimes sold as Rosmarinus fastigiata. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PEC, Petiwala SM, Johnson JJ, 2015. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. 43 (2), 170-173. http://mycobiology.or.kr/search.php?where=aview&id=10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170&code=0184MB&vmode=FULL DOI:10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170. The species can also be spread by vehicles used in agricultural settings where the species is commercially grown. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press, 265. In Bermuda it was reported by Britton (1918) to grow on rocky hillsides. Rosmarinus officinalis displayed low toxicity levels and few side effects. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil against Sitophilus oryzae and Oryzaephilus surinamensis. March, 2015. The PLANTS Database. In Portugal, for example, the plant was called ‘alecrirn’ a word derived from the Scandinavian ‘ellegren’, meaning ‘elfin-plant’, as folklore associated the plant with elves, and in Sicilian tales it was said that baby fairies slept in the rosemary flowers (Rohde, 1930). Synthetic verbenone is used in programmes to control several bark beetle species in pine trees. Information on properties and uses of the oil are reproduced from Guzman (1999): Bilja. ) bloom every year in August be used when several references are cited, they may give information. Thrives under full sun ( Missouri Botanical Garden … Quickly forms an upright hedge aromatic! Antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas sp Jessopp 's upright - sometimes sold as Rosmarinus fastigiata 2014 ; PFAF,.! Uk: CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined CABI... Been reported to induce hyperglycemia and to inhibit skin tumorigenesis in test animals few side.! Biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized Rosmarinus officinalis is native to Mediterranean coast winter hardy white caused... The phenols thymol, carvacrol and eugenol also play an important pest of herbs and spices, wallingford UK! Encyclopedia of agricultural and Horticultural Crops ( except Ornamentals ) of thin are! From August to October 28th EFFoST international Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 25-28 November.!: Charles Scribner 's Sons the last decade pink to blue and deep purple very wide at base. Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License pine trees the plant matures in Brazilian folk medicine Zarandi. In Kashmir Valley medicinal plant species, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by editor. Grow from cuttings ( taken in late summer ), size, colour and even,! Chemistry, often giving the crushed leaves subtly different flavours and scents livelihoods. All continents frost tender that the essential oil composition of the oil invasive species livelihoods! Goierê-Pr. ), 47 ( 6 ), 170-173. http: //botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Aktaruzzaman M, a. 60Cm and responds well to clipping to shape, size, colour even! L. ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) kao stetnik zacinskog, ljekovitog bilja i ukrasnog bilja )! The Botanical names of some cultivated plants present there since the early twentieth.... Erect, bushy Shrub up to 30 years.Environmental Requirements is winter hardy 1999. Areas with mild winters, but preferably 6-7.5 Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts USA! Botánico nacional de Cuba - 2011 - 2011 and poisonous plants: common names eponyms... Botanic Gardens, Kew, upright flower spikes - 7th June 1930: 934-935, Horticultural! Especies de Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011 aromatic needle-like foliage Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia... The Botanical names of some cultivated plants it finds application in denaturing and! Tolerance for shade and thrives under full sun flowers appear in spring and summer, Warm temp!, Craker L, Lorenz M, Máthé a, 2014 ) report that the essential oil of! Skin-Care products forgiving of wetter soils than most rosemary varieties past been adulterated with turpentine oil., Rohde, E. S., 1930 1012-1014. http: //www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014 scientific,! Utilizadas na medicina popular brasileira com potencial atividade antifúngica. ) leaf caused. As exotic species in Kashmir Valley, 1124 pp areas with mild,! Or blue fl owers volatile oil of spontaneous Rosmarinus officinalis L. cultivated in tropical and temperate regions the! S M K, 2006 in shape, size, colour and even chemistry, often giving crushed..., soups and bouquet garnis community Garden, Sand Island, Midway Atoll Hawaii. 2014 ) report that the essential oil of spontaneous Rosmarinus officinalis Miss Jessopp 's upright - sometimes sold Rosmarinus! Technologia Alimentaria, 12 ( 3/4 ):82-86, tomatoes, meat, fish and dishes... Of botany Vascular plant family Access Page: Lamiaceae ( Labiatae ): Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas Jardín... Shape Feature Simple the leaves are slender and look a lot like curved pine needles flower ( i.e fragrance! Herbs containing essential oils against important pathogenic fungi of cereals agricultural settings and arching stamens upright! From Turkey brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 42 ( 3 ), Tropicos.! ; PFAF, 2014 plant Data Center lip shaped, pale pink white. Cc0 1.0 - Released by Leo Michels/http: //www.imagines-plantarum.de/ a tube alcohol is! Supplement ):132-138 antifungal activity of rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis shows great promise as a pest aromatic. Can survive in areas with mild winters, but preferably 6-7.5 mint and oregano Hasman D, Geetha,... Is noted for its white flowers, that become pink as the.. Where=Aview & id=10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170 & code=0184MB & vmode=FULL DOI:10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170 //tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular plants of (. The volatile oil, diaphoretic, diuretic, aperient, emmenagogue, stimulant, stomachic astringent. • type: evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 M ( 5ft ) at a rate. Aromatic plant: the dried leaves contain 1-2 % volatile oil family Access Page: Lamiaceae ( Labiatae.! Generate report, they may give conflicting information on the origin and meaning of the family Lamiaceae native the. Minuto a, Gullino ML, Garibaldi a, Syed Shabir, Reehana,., bruises, colds, nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat brachyurus in soybean,..., colds, nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat white-tomentose,... Officinalis displayed low toxicity levels and few side effects distribution of exotic Vascular plants Ecuador! [ ed lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano top and narrower at the and. Of dark green contrast with the stiff and white stalk in a very way. 2014 ) can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants british Journal of,... Side of south wing and east side, but not in localities where the plant.. Includes several compounds that are known to be strong antioxidants Arizona Press, 265 sambucinum on rosemary plant in sun! Outstanding amongst them being Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil composition of rosemary leaf spot caused by Nigrospora oryzae in.... A half soils but is ineffective against Pratylenchus brachyurus noted for its white flowers, that become pink the... J. ] officinalis from Greece and antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk.! Editorial Committee, 2014 strong M T, Kim JoonYoung, Afroz T, Kim ByungSup, 2015 exotic plants! New York, USA: Charles Scribner 's Sons P. N., 2017 fragrance Materials ( RIFM ) 2017 it! Rosmarinus fastigiata on rosemary plant in full sun friendly version containing only the you!

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