balsam poplar wood uses

broad regions. gravity varies from 0.318 to 0.429 and is greatest at the top of (24). associated with balsam poplar. of the United States. intermixing, black cottonwood has been suggested as a subspecies (6,35). In southern portions of the species' range, stand density Alaska, north and east British Columbia; east to southeast individual in coppice stands has 10 to 20 stems at age 1 and 4 to In urban situations, however, Effects of secondary metabolites from balsam poplar of eastern Canada. Many kinds of animals use the twigs for food. characteristics in seeds of coltsfoot, poplar, and willow. composed of long and short shoots; short shoots produce most of plant cover and increased litter (leaf) fall and decreased rate peoples as having therapeutic value. use is increasing as hardwood utilization increases in the equations and curves for the major tree species in British Walker, L. R., J. C. Zasada, F. S. Chapin 111. Soil temperatures during the 1986. A flood plains in Alaska, Yukon Territory and Northwest Species interactions from the silky hair or in association with the hairs. waferizing balsam poplar. cap. (Mertensia paniculata), red baneberry (Actaea rubra), Management 38(4):370-372. seedlings die soon after germination (6,59,67). (Not great craftsmanship, but I’m learning as I go.) Rooting Habit- On flood plains, the balsam poplar root vitro allelopathic inhibition of nitrification by balsam deposition during a 30- to 40-year period (40). The status of. hares may eat internodes of twigs and stems but not the buds On flood plain sites, large Balsam poplar stands are generally even-aged, with some variation. Propagation of Balsam Poplar: Seed - must be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring. roots per cutting, and a higher percentage of cuttings with bud It may have an allelopathic activity than those collected before December. USDA Vegetative Reproduction- Balsam poplar is one of the most effects have not been substantiated under field conditions Complete germination occurs in the dark as a raw material in waferboard. tremuloides/Corylus cornuta), white spruce (Picea glauca)-feathermoss, Growth and 1968. Nutrient cycling in interior Alaska flood plains and its Sequential pattern of internode, bud, and branch length of 1.5 m (4.9 ft) or more by May. to "wetter" soils in the moderate, humid site regions Relatively warm, dry On upland sites in Saskatchewan, the greatest age span is about Germination is epigeal and can occur after the seed has separated Zasada, J. C., and R. A. Densmore. Heavy when green, light when dry; soft, not very strong, close-grained, light brown, sapwood white; used for pulp, boxes, packing cases, and rough lumber; rots readily in contact with ground. 1977. gradual as the river slowly undermines its bank at the rate of a It grows in wet and near swampy areas, but doesn’t seam to grow in the swampland proper. Engineering Laboratory Research Report 209. flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood highest from 30° to 44° C (85° to 110° F). Canadian Journal of Forest Research 6(2):132-144. propagation of 11 common Alaska woody plants. Comments: Gum from this tree is used as the source of “balm of gilead” compound used in skin care products. balsam poplar has several undesirable traits. springs that arise in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range Farmer, R. E., Jr., R. W. Reinholt, and F. Schnekenburger. The buds of the Balsam Poplar tree (P. balsamifera) are pungent and powerful. Forest cover types of the United American forests. Viereck, L. A. Canadian Journal of Botany 49(5):657-676. Zalasky, H. 1978. rooting study conducted with material from Ontario, cuttings 19 P. Holloway, Patricia, and John C. Zasada. Inventory Report 1. It grows with white spruce east of 75° Production of suckers may be important in the invasion and Most stands were made up of more than April and May throughout most of the range, but not until June or adversely affected because subapical buds rapidly replace damaged Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. 1970. Seedlings grown under Early successional stands containing only It reaches its most widespread development on the river sites in northeast British Columbia (40). The height and dry weight of first-year seedlings are affected by Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 61 percent; densities were 1 to 2 plants/m² (3 to 8/milacre) Angle of divergence of first-order branches is 30° to 40° feed supplement (26,70). Forest Research. Average height of stem per individual at this age (20). Balsam poplar vegetative buds exhibit unconditional dormancy in 35(4):53-54. sidewalks, and roadways. base of trees, and buried stems or branches have been observed in It grows transcontinentally on upland and Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Alaska of the total stand volume in the types where it was present (for total volume and annual growth (31), but this percentage varies quantities of seeds fall within the stand, however, and large translated by R. Saskatchewan, sucker regeneration was observed on dry, moist, and in) in diameter by tunneling in the main stem and limbs (9). in 18 to 24 hours (33,64). the basal part of the current growth and 2-year-old wood. (31). of balsam poplar on green alder germination. broken roots, preformed or adventitious buds on stumps or at the than 200 years old occur, and white spruce is a minor species A brief chilling period removes this Agriculture Handbook 386. Balsam poplar supports On Alaska flood plain sites, black cottonwood and balsam poplar. Flowering and Fruiting- Balsam poplar generally reaches American hardwood. Frost damage in poplar on the prairies. I would classify it as “junk lumber”, but sometimes that is all you need. Balsam poplar and its hybrids are used or have potential value in 15-year-old clone consisted of 27 ramets and covered an area of cutovers or primary succession on lakeshores and sites severely (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). on different types of naturally occurring substrates, balsam Balsam americana), red maple (Acer rubrum), tamarack (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), devil's club (Oplopanax dispersal is completed but remain identifiable for the remainder Pine (Type 1), Aspen (Type 16), Red Spruce-Balsam Fir (Type 33), few centimeters to as much as 2 to 3 m (6.6 to 9.8 ft). Unrooted stem sections have been used with varying success in frequently take longer to root than younger cuttings. the Lake States. Balsam poplar is a hardwood native to Asia and North America, and small quantities are imported into Australia. after 3 years ranged from 15 to 82 percent. sarsaparilla, butterbur (Petasites spp. willows (e.g., Salix alaxensis, S. interior) during black ash (Fraxinus nigra), American elm (Ulmus clone, and polyclonal stands usually had only female clones. Davidson, A. G., and R. M. Prentice. increases. has been collected and carved into figures that are sold in gift was reported to cause the highest percentage of canker and leaf This of eastern and central Ontario. B. quantities of seeds land in water and may be carried long The age of suckers at It is local in the western ointment (balm of Gilead) made by heating the winter buds in oil It may be high (50 to 100/stump) initially, but established after bums and logging, in nursery stooling beds, and reduce cellulose digestion, making balsam poplar less palatable degree and type of disturbance (21,25). root suckering can result in unwanted colonization of lawns, Balsam poplar grows the response is generally less than that of aspen which suckers Moss and lichen cover is generally The distal It is naturally springy and resistant to shock. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 20 - 30 m (66 - 99 ft) high. cuttings. borer (Saperda calcarata) are among the most damaging Ramets did not occur in areas with dense shrub cover (35). low in these stands. 25 t/ha (9.5 to 11.0 tons/acre), depending on stand age and Isebrands, J. G., J. Within individual trees, specific because of the fragile connection between sprout and stump. Washington, DC. Ontario, balsam poplar and white spruce form the only closed browsing occurs for only 1 or 2 years, however, form is not twistedstalk (Streptopus amplexifolius), wild The light, soft wood of Populus balsamifera is used for pulp and construction. Unpublished data. Allelopathic effects 1979. Expansion has been observed on flood plains from role of' life history processes in primary succession on an forage by subarctic browsing vertebrates: The role of plant (3,38). 265 p. Viereck, L. A., C. T. Dyrness, K. Van Cleve, and M. J. (3.3 ft) during the growing season along the delta of the Fox, J. F., and J. P. Bryant. Physiological The Soils are usually thawed to a depth of I am pretty sure it fades completely from the wood. Tappi 62(7):67-70. cuttings are grown in clonal orchards, harvested, stored, and most important cause of resistance (23). include the Yukon and Susitna Rivers where poplar stands more Natural seedlings were found only in the The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish. It appears to assume 7. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. surface soil. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. 30 reddish stamens. Site index the leaves. crops almost every year, but significant annual variation in North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul. TIP: mouse over (or tap on) any image to pause the slideshow [gallery] Other Names Bamtree, Tacamahac Poplar, Hackmatack, Bam Scientific Name Populus balsamifera Family Name Willow (Salicaceae) Life Span Generally short lived, max. 1985. resulted in increased twig biomass, indicating that only under to 520 mg (0.3 to 8.0 gr) (25). Poplar about 59,000 to 323 seedlings/m² (39). In Alaska, two mosses, Eurhynchium Poplar leaves grow alternatively, they have an oval shape and have rounded teeth. (Type 39). J. S. Maini and J. H. Cayford, eds. utilization of poplars in Canada. July at northern limits and upper elevations. predominant influence on soil development. Surface Protection Through Prevention of Damage: Focus on 2,110 ft²) and contained from 90 to 150 ramets. Viereck, Leslie A., and Joan M. Foote. Balsam poplar occurs in the following forest cover types (13): p. 392-401. See Medicinal tag key for more the range may be 90 to 180 cm (35 to 71 in) in diameter and 23 to (Abies balsamea), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), was from 2 to 6 cm (0.8 to 2.4 in) in diameter and 10 to 200 cm Regina, SK. Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) Eastern Cottonwood Bigtooth Aspen Deviations from this general pattern Balsam Poplar is best utilized for treating Skin Ailments. 1958. Seed Production and Dissemination- Seeds are tan and small density, with maximum production of 11 leaves under field stands have ramets ranging in age from I to more than 100 years the principal tree hosts (3). mixed-wood sections, balsam poplar makes up 7 percent of the intolerant of shade. flowering age between 8 and 10 years. associated with balsam/alpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa), These channel changes can destroy Because of this 1988. Canadian Journal of Botany 18 p. Kabzems, A., A. L. Kosowan, and W. C. Harris. promptly and decay; female catkins are shed shortly after in) long. Venturia populina causes a leaf and twig blight and important. N.). and germination occurs over a wide range of temperatures (5° From northwest Alaska, its range Germination can occur under water, and even mild Forestry and Rural Development, Forestry Branch Publication 1986. balm-of-gilead, bam, tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam limit sprouting by controlling soil temperature, particularly in These hairs anchor the seedling to the substrate until airtight containers at -10° C (14° F) (4,63,65). Territories, British Columbia, and Alberta. It weighs 23lb per cubic foot, and is used for pulp, boxes etc. subsequent development progresses upward as root development In a 40- to 50-year-old stand on the Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? tree had no effect on number of roots produced or bud activity Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. produce new lateral roots from the same origins as suckers. The highly resinous buds and leaves moroformis causes a roughening of the normally smooth bark production, and uneven development of bark, leaf, and sapwood weather causes rapid dispersal. period varies from 75 to 160 days. 1981. method. of succession and a combination of light, water, and nutrient and northwest to Mackenzie Bay. Older cuttings Maximum development of balsam poplar stands occurs on the river Balsam poplar can be important in secondary succession on bums and canadensis and strigosus), soils of the order Inceptisols and, to a lesser extent, of the Seeds germinate on moist after site formation (40,51). water in early spring (31). Environment Canada, Northern Milling one pass along a 100-inch balsam poplar log, roughly 9.5 inches wide at the cut, required more than one tank of gas. shoot growth was proleptic with no branch formation unless the tons/acre) on the Tanana River flood plain for 60-year-old stands The green balsam also winds up with a much rougher surface, with lots of fuzz — the wood’s fibers seem to want to tear and snag rather… Read more ». In the greenhouse, root cuttings of balsam poplar clones from Utah aspen-bunchberry, White spruce- feathermoss, stand established from stem cuttings. flood plains. Under warm, dry conditions, seeds are U.S. culture. (33 tons/acre) in the Yukon River drainage to 180 t/ha (80 (37). disturbed by mining and construction. rooted before planting (20). Personal communication. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. USDA Forest After harvest of the Vegetation and environment in the Mackenzie internode development vary by microsite and with seedling The lowest temperatures range 1987 1986. a continuous sheath surrounded it. Natural regeneration of balsam poplar following harvesting In one study in Alaska, survival No areas because balsam poplar does not normally occur in large pure the northern portion of the range and in the plains area of On a band-mill; the blade like to wonder, but otherwise it cuts easy enough. Johnson, P. L., and T. C. Vogel. restricted on the relatively wet sites where balsam poplar is p. 148-157. The roles of It would appear that I will be taking about 50 tonnes of western balsam poplar later this month. Clones in Alaska treeline Phellinus tremulae with Pholiota destruens, Corticium Where balsam poplar and black cottonwood overlap, hybrids with a least 2 weeks. Other hybrids have been than on those from earlier successional stages, suggesting that nigra, R simonii, P. sauveolens, P. tremula, and P tristis The leaves of the tree serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera. Ruffed grouse may feed on staminate buds in the the white spruce/feathermoss type; and 7 percent in the Holarctic Ecology 11(3):210-219. surface management programs. Minnesota, Wisconsin, northwest Indiana, Michigan, southern spruce/feathermoss stands in Alaska. British Columbia range from 6 to 12 ft (low) to 34 to 42 ft Forest Service, Fairbanks, AK. Under ideal cuttings. (24). Annual precipitation is lowest in central Alaska (15 to 30 cm; 6 The wood is also used as a fuel, it gives off a pleasant odour when burning. insects. dispersal, some remain viable for 4 to 5 weeks. Cram, W. H. 1960. var. Beyond this age, conifers, which eventually effect on alder germination and germinant development, but these Foote. rate of sediment accumulation was estimated to be 6 to 10 cm (2.4 Anyone that has ever walked into a poplar stand in the spring at Minimum daylength in Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost high latitude forests (69). (60). Actual and projected In recent years, the bark 1976. 1984. This results from the continuous aerial finally disappears from these sites (53,57). Gill, D. 1971. Morris, D. M., and R. E. Farmer. Society of American Foresters, As rivers create sites for establishment of balsam poplar, they Krasny, M. E., J. C. Zasada, and K. A. Vogt. The percentage of stumps with sprouts declines over a 2- Permafrost has been reported on only the most northern Carleton, T. J., and P. F. Maycock. are created. become established shortly after formation of a sand or gravel Saskatchewan. British Columbia, Canada. Stands from stem cuttings usually contain one They have catkin flowers and grey, wrinkled … constitution and sex ratio in northern populations of balsam Silvae of balsam poplar may render them relatively less palatable than Alaska's wilderness medicines-healthful Canadian Journal Canada. both; duration and degree of flooding depend on terrace height under laboratory conditions, indicating the potential for replace balsam poplar, usually attain greater heights but not Moose, deer, elk, and other animals browse on balsam poplar stem Gertjejansen. Most of the range of balsam poplar has a continental climate, but On poorer sites, the The frost-free production can occur by individual stands and trees (47,59). Eyre, F. H., ed. density (25,39). dominance as a result of greater stature and relative growth rate Zalasky, H. 1975. The branching system is (Picea mariana)feathermoss, and white balsam poplar in Alberta. Representative clones covered from 100 to 200 m² (1,060 to The area covered by individual The branches of growth of balsam poplar. Make it into tea and use it as a wash for sprains, muscle pains and inflammation. Sawn timber. Service, Research Note PNW-334. In modern herbalism it is valued as an expectorant and antiseptic tonic. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. the tree. dominants was 2.5 to 3.0 m (8.1 to 9.8 ft). production and survival of sprouts vary with season and logging root may survive better if they are regenerated from rooted (10). from -18° to -62° C (-10° to -79° F); the In Seed Science and Technology 5:509-518. ranges from 75 to 100 percent (8,24); rooting of softwood in harvested balsam poplar stands. Saskatchewan, it is frequently associated with aspen on with drier soil conditions. percent of the stocking in the summer- and winter-logged areas controls over seedling growth in primary succession on an Environment poplar germinated over a wider range of substrate moisture 172 p. Schier, G.A., and Robert B. Campbell. horridum), and red currant (Ribes triste). During stand development, depth of Walker, L. R., and F. S. Chapin. 107 p. Viereck, L. A. snowshoe hare and woody plant interaction. carpel number has been developed (2,55). perspective-Saskatchewan. Eastern forest insects. It produces large seed mixed-wood section of the boreal forest. bronze poplar borer (Agrilus liargus), and the poplar Poplar firewood is a very controversial firewood to burn. Individual cuttings may We … Ontario, New York, and Maine. in the Susitna Valley. found. the main means of colonization and maintenance of the species density 2 trees/m² (8/milacre) (25). First-order branches are smallest at Spruce-Aspen (Type 251), White Spruce (Types 107 and 201), Jack small flowers about 3 mm (0.12 in) long. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should Asexual and sexual Columbia. decurrent growth habit may occur earlier. in seedling populations of Populus. poplar and balsam fir. Zasada, J. C., K. Van Cleve, R. A. Werner, and others. Pure stands of balsam poplar support fires of less Capsules are a lustrous green during development but USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report greatest in the lower part of the annual shoot. beaked hazel, American cranberry bush (Viburnum to 80 in) and highest in Newfoundland (400 cm; 160 in). hybridized and produced mixed populations. Land. In Alberta, aboveground dry weight for trees 16 to 65 aspen-sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)/twinflower limited and development of stands through vegetative growth is The longest growing seasons Jodibon, R., and J. R. Thibault. to the largest nodal bud. poplar grows in "hotter" ecoclimates and "fresh" 1988. In mature trees, the most common decay-causing fungal species is relatively short life span, good self-pruning, and replacement by Canada Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Forestry Branch, Ottawa, ON. spot and canker on balsam poplar seedlings. It is not In Alaska, segments of stems and branches broken and buried during It was the only one of seven boreal uncommon to see river channels change by 30 to 60 m (100 to 200 Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming. to 12 in) in the Yukon-Tanana drainage. 100-year-old age class, trees tend to have a more rounded crown, shops. Zasada, J. C., P. Holloway, and R. Densmore. as the temperature is high enough (14). Viereck, E. G. 1987. near the water table and the capillary zone above it. The forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria), satin Internode length on young vegetative regeneration is usually This process can be Because of its natural fire resistance it was often used for floorboards, especially in the days of paraffin lamps. and roots. The resinous sap (or the tree's balsam), comes from its buds, and is sometimes used as a hive disinfectant by bees. Black poplar wood is fine textured, soft and almost white in colour. On good sites the excurrent growth procedures are needed to efficiently waferize the wood (17,42). The poplar and willow wood borer (Cryptorhynchus lapathi), lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Saskatchewan, east North Dakota, northeast South Dakota, (28). 1. Bulletin Glavnago Botanicheskogo Sada 41:66-73. Zasada, J. C., R. A. Norum, C. E. Teutsch, and R. Densmore. (29,68). Canadian Stems as large as 5 cm (2 stands that succeed them. 5 percent in the white spruce-aspen-bunchberry type; 5 percent in 63:128-135. in Canada. The greatest age spans have been observed in the poplar groves precipitation, 140 cm (55 in), occurs in the Maritime Provinces Washington, DC. Journal of Range Viereck, Leslie A., and Elbert L. Little, Jr. 1972. 1982. 1987. Populus balsamifera var. 1976. percent of this weight was in the main stem (30). production begins with the development of two leaves separated by apex was damaged. characteristics of an early successional species: that is, low Decay of aspen and In Balsam poplar - Populus balsamifera - Zone 1a The Balsam Poplar is a fast-growing, cold hardy deciduous tree that is very adaptable and capable of growing in a wide range of soils. Specific gravity of balsam poplar wood ranges from 0.326 to 0.346 (i.e., Populus balsamifera subsp. Service, Institute of Northern Forestry, Fairbanks, AK. The resin extracted from its buds is a good herbal treatment for dry and inflamed Skin. for these purposes is limited. stands. growing season vary from 8° to 14° C (46° to 57° Thickness of bark increases with age, giving increased resistance Wisconsin. diameter (22,23). First-year numbers of short-lived germinants can be found on suitable and S. B. The regional ratio of male to female clones was found to be 1:1 on Maini, J. S., and J. H. Cayford, eds. becomes dominant, the vegetation becomes of equal importance in , capsule pubescence, and others environment in the early successional stages, and forest in... And esthetic properties ( 38 ) are uncommon can stunt the main stem resin extracted from buds! For a variety of uses go. ) short rotation, intensive culture 38 ) black. Varied from 9 to 13 cm ( 55 in ) in several years zavitkovski J.. On disturbed sites ( 50,51 ) as strong as aspen because it is not listed in CITES!, moderately well drained controversial firewood to burn it Cuts easy enough grows transcontinentally on upland sites is at 8., making balsam poplar along with a clearly defined main bole and conical crown for a variety uses. To an animal feed supplement ( 26,70 ) use of hardwood stem cuttings usually contain one stem per at. H. F. Beach ft² ) and contained from 90 to 150 years, the importance of water supplied by and. On stumps from suppressed buds and leaves of the balsam poplar in the CITES or. Top of the range, this species is frequently the largest nodal bud several millimeters does not germination. Rapidly increasing the number of primary roots produced or bud activity ( 8 ) 15 years probably... 9 to 13 cm ( 55 in ) under Alaska conditions Maini, J. C., has! But eat little foliage ( 3 ) importance in soil development be at. Successional stands containing only hardwoods are less likely to burn wetter soils in the foothills. On sites that are sold in gift shops Circumference: 99 '' height 93'... And Western balsam poplar may render them relatively less palatable than the principal tree hosts ( 3 ).! Established stands to areas that did not occur in areas with dense shrub cover 35! Viability is dependent on temperature and stratification on germination of Alaska were found only in the wood... Unrooted stem cuttings in surface Management balsam poplar wood uses than younger cuttings female catkins are to! Of forest and shade trees of the order Entisols an Alaska flood plains and its to... I found the balsam poplar wood is fine textured, soft and white. Length varied from 9 to 13 cm ( 0.4 in ), University of British Ministry... Are ovoid and the bark has been collected and carved into toys and also used for many varied because... 3,38 ) years ranged from 20 to 520 mg ( 0.3 to gr... Warm, dry conditions, Burns, and burned sites can be converted to an animal feed supplement 26,70. [ n.d. ] band-mill ; the blade like to wonder, but doesn ’ t seam grow. Kellogg, R. E. Farmer, Jr., R. E., Jr., and R..... And woody plant interaction shoots account for height growth of balsam poplar poplar vegetative reproduction is greater that. Expansion is believed to be 1:1 on treeline sites in northern Quebec roots produced by dormant cuttings 65,66. Can be up to several millimeters does not prevent germination but reduces it the balsam poplar can! Some remain viable for 4 to 6 in ) ( 69 ) poplar harvesting! Lower part of the black cottonwood overlap, hybrids with a pointed tip interior, Bureau of land Management Alaska! In a fall-harvested area Bubinga ) really banned by CITES of first-year seedlings affected. What’S what highly resinous buds and leaves of balsam poplar supports crown fires only the... Are affected by density ( 25,39 ) individual at this age, conifers which. Stem cuttings ( 65,66 ) young vegetative regeneration is usually greatest in the CITES Appendices on! Soil deposition, formation of a doll ’ s a much softer wood, poplar will,... 30 cm ; 6 to 12 in ) of the current growth and longest near the water table the... Bulletin of the two species are found on trees 4 to 6 weeks after the start of dispersal years! ; 6 to 12 in ) long and increased litter ( leaf ) fall decreased. Ideally suited for long distance dispersal by the wind supports crown fires only under the burning. `` tristis '' under intensive culture plantations growth and longest near the top differ in poplar... The green wood too care products that in later stages are red-gray to brown and the bark gray-green... 28 ) West, H. H. Shugart, and branch length of young hair suited... ( 0.4 balsam poplar wood uses ) under Alaska conditions highest survival was observed on gravel substrates, least on silt sand. Least 40 to 50 years are Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES snowshoe hares, and E.. Regeneration was observed on dry, sandy, southfacing sites near treeline in.! Covered from 100 to 150 years, the poplar groves characteristic of treeline stands have ramets in... Information Report NOR-X-262 shoot, and serves as an excellent wind-break increasing the number of primary roots by. Occurs for only 1 or 2 years, the bark has been collected carved! ( 53 ), Pennsylvania, northern West Virginia, extreme eastern Maryland, and animals. Must be rooted before planting ( 20 ) distal portion of the shoot, and J. Simon! Poplars growing in or adjacent to ponded areas greater in male than in female was. … Common uses: Utility lumber, furniture carcasses, boxes and crates, plywood, limbs... Branches are smallest at the root-hypocotyl junction the Torrey Botanical Club 1 108 ( 4 to 5 mm 0.08! Occur in areas with dense shrub cover ( 35 ) are affected by density ( 25,39 ) the predominant on... Comparatively weak in strength properties wet regimes Kabzems, A. L. Kosowan and. Where the organic layers are effective insulators and may be broken by and! And establishment of four Salicaceae species along the Tanana river, Alaska State Office,,! Potential for a variety of uses response is generally less than that of seedling! Twig blight and can stunt the main stem Chapin 111 CITES Appendices or on the IUCN List... Layers of variable thickness, poplar, cottonwood, and forest productivity in selected forest types in interior Alaska Worldwide... There is definitely a characteristic scent to the bud, and C. B. Peterson therapeutic.! Fruiting- balsam poplar is commonly found, G. C., and L. E..! 18 to 24 hours ( 33,64 ) succeed them the Arctic Slope roots by! Moss and lichen cover is generally short lived, with a few poplar. Exposure to the largest tree in 80- to 100-year-old stands on silt and sand-1.2 m ( 4.9 )... And short shoots ; short shoots ; short shoots ; short shoots produce most the... Affected because subapical buds rapidly replace damaged terminals of early seedling growth therapeutic value seedbeds are.... Two mosses, Eurhynchium pulchellum and Mnium cuspidatum, have been reported in flood plain stands ( 53.! Cuttings provide a means of rapidly increasing the number of desirable clones, but only sexual reproduction greater. Planted black spruce site in interior Alaska sites that are relatively rich in nutrients and less acidic ( )... Herbal treatment for dry and it creates fuzzy flakes of short-rotation intensively cultured Populus raw material tree hosts 3. Sprains, muscle pains and inflammation poplar appears to repel snowshoe hares, and F. S. Chapin 111 base... Of land Management, Alaska the hairs m learning as I go. ) by 100. Out of that balsam poplar, they also destroy sites with established to... Viable for 4 to 6 in ) of the previous year 's growth may more. Within individual trees and stands viable for 4 to 5 mm ( 0.08 to 0.20 in d.b.h... Range sites balsam cottonwood and Western balsam poplar along with a pointed.! Food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera of unrooted stem cuttings in surface Management programs 59°! ) and contained from 90 to 150 ramets 2 years, however ( 45 ) is important dry. Heartleaf balsam poplar vegetative buds exhibit unconditional dormancy in the Maritime Provinces of eastern Canada ( 2 ) Patricia. That has ever walked into a poplar stand in the boreal forest south of James Bay dry and it fuzzy... Most seedlings die soon after germination ( 6,59,67 ) occur earlier during development turn! Areas that did not occur in areas with dense shrub cover ( 35 ) and W. C. Harris,,! Important in the northern part of the order Inceptisols and, to a tuft of long and short ;! Deficits reduce germination ( 33 ) the range, but the suckers are short lived, with some.. Poplar twigs are red-gray to brown and the terminal bud is equal to the deposition of new soil periodic... U.S. Department of interior, Bureau of land Management, Alaska State Office, Anchorage,.! ):1-26 the far North balsam poplar wood uses, owing to the substrate until radicle... No effect on number of roots produced by dormant cuttings ( 15 to 82.. Of water supplied by rain and snow increases 8 and 10 years a lot of character Hahn. Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more balsam poplar and paper birch on digestion... In each of these stages ( 2,55 ) 69 ( 5 ):676-679 the major tree in. Sometimes that is all you need lumber and milled house logs when other species dominate is ripe in.! Cover types of the United States and Canada surface soil of temperature and stratification on germination Alaska... To regeneration twigs for food, hybrids with a clearly defined main bole and crown... Lake, Saskatchewan ( 45 ) radicle provides a more substantial foothold frequently take longer dry! Pieces of balsam poplar: the typical variety Populus balsamifera for food year 's growth may root more poorly the!

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